The steel industry has had a longstanding presence in Europe and remains an important employer of skilled labour. Furthermore, the industry also supports significant activity and jobs in a range of other industries throughout the EU, as a result of the large amount of money spent on the materials and services used in the steel production process. Crucially, steel makes a powerful contribution to the continent’s standard of living, by forming a key input in the work of other industrial sectors. In turn, many of these customer industries produce items essential for the functioning of the wider EU economy.
In 2017, the European steel industry made a €25 billion direct contribution to the standard ‘gross value added’ measure of EU-wide production (hereafter referred to as GVA). However, the industry’s total GVA impact that year, when supply chain and staff spending impacts are also included, was much higher, at €148 billion. This overall contribution exceeded the total GVA produced in the region of Berlin in 2017.
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