Publications » Position papers » Creating markets for low CO2 materials: Sector coupling via lifecycle CO2-credits for the use of low-CO2 steel as 'eco-innovations' in the automotive industry
Creating markets for low CO2 materials: Sector coupling via lifecycle CO2-credits for the use of low-CO2 steel as 'eco-innovations' in the automotive industry
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The European Green Deal emphasizes the will of the European Union to become the first climate neutral continent by 2050. Important decisions have to be taken very soon for the phase until 2030 for the deployment of the first low-carbon breakthrough technologies on industrial scale, especially in energy-intensive sectors.
The steel industry as well as other basic materials industries need to go through a major transformation process to meet the EU climate objectives. Fulfilling the targets is challenging but technically possible, e.g. via hydrogen-based steelmaking, carbon capture and utilisation/storage, process integration, and utilisation of steel recycling within the limits of scrap availability.
However, despite the high CO2 reduction potential, companies still face huge barriers in terms of commercialisation. Estimations show that the production costs of low-carbon breakthrough technologies will increase significantly under the current political framework, making it impossible for domestic companies to compete on the world market against companies which do not have to undergo climate-related transformational processes.
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Brussels, 03 May 2023 – The year 2022 came to a close with a sharper-than-anticipated recession in apparent steel consumption (-7.2%) as steel demand shrank significantly, due to the energy crisis and the impact of the war in Ukraine. Although the worst seems to be over after the fourth quarter of 2022, apparent steel consumption is still projected to be negative (-1%) in 2023, before rebounding in 2024 (+5.4%). However, high uncertainty continues to cast a shadow on the outlook for 2023, which remains bleak. Although steel imports have decreased in tandem with demand, their market share is still historically high (23.4%).
Second quarter 2023 report. Data up to, and including, fourth quarter 2022
Joint industry statement