Steel production is an energy-intensive process using raw materials that must be mined and/or processed before being made into steel. Steel production itself, whilst also creating emissions, also creates by-products of various kinds which can be used in other products, or that must be treated in order to avoid harming the environment. Steel production also involves the use of various chemicals or other metals to give various properties to the steel itself.
Because of the complexity of the production process and the ramifications of the sector on the European economy and the environment, EUROFER works intensively on environmental issues, including in the circular economy, recycling, water and air quality, waste management, products policy, chemicals policy, raw materials and lifecycle assessment. Information about each of these areas can be found here.
The European industry keeps facing high energy prices that affects its cost-competitiveness towards main competitors in third countries. The issue of high energy costs, in particular for energy-intensive industries exposed to global competition such as steel, must be addressed through a coherent EU energy and climate policy.
The deployment of large volumes of renewables represents a key challenge for the management of the grid and needs to be balanced also with the objective of providing competitive and secure energy. In this sense, it is important to accelerate the integration of renewables in the market in order to foster cost-effective solutions.
The Circular Economy Action Plan: from Proposal to Reality
Steel is 100% recyclable – a permanent material that underpins the economy, but also contributes to environmental goals by reducing the use of virgin raw materials and CO2 emissions.
EU products policy is an enabler to help deliver on ambitious climate goals and on aims to reduce raw material use and improve recycling rates and outcomes.