This is the third episode in EUROFER's Green Deal on Steel series: The pathways to low-carbon steelmaking.
Carbon-lean steelmaking relies on new ways of doing things. Current steelmaking technology is at its absolute limits. The ‘transition’ to low-carbon steel is actually a technological revolution.
The European steel industry has found two main ‘pathways’ that together could lead to 80-95% reductions in CO2 emissions from steel production by 2050. These pathways are reinforced by an overarching commitment to the circular economy through resource efficiency and the recycling of steel.
The technological pathways are Smart Carbon Usage and Carbon Direct Avoidance.
Smart Carbon Usage seeks to reintegrate so-called ‘process gases’ into the production process or to use carbon monoxide and dioxide as a raw material to make other, useful products.
Carbon Direct Avoidance includes hydrogen-based metallurgy and electricity-based reduction methods using green sources. In this framework, the Electric Arc Furnace route will be fundamental to strengthening the EU steel industry’s position in the circular economy.
If fully implemented, these pathways could change how we make steel in Europe.
Antwerp, 20 February 2024 – Today 73 industry leaders spanning almost 20 industrial sectors presented ‘The Antwerp Declaration for a European Industrial Deal’ to Belgian Prime Minister, Alexander De Croo and Commission President, Ursula von der Leyen. The declaration underlines the commitment of industry to Europe and its transformation and outlines urgent industry needs to make Europe competitive, resilient, and sustainable in the face of dire economic conditions.
European Industry Summit: a business case for Europe, under the auspices of the Belgian Presidency of the Council of the EU - There is an urgent need for clarity, predictability, and confidence in Europe and its industrial policy
Brussels, 09 February 2024 – The initiation of a new steel safeguard investigation announced today by the European Commission is a pivotal step that could ensure the continuation of current measures beyond June 2024. This welcome move comes in response to worsening challenges in the global steel market, where carbon-intensive steel imports originating from excess capacity are inundating the EU market, posing a risk to the sustainability of the European steel industry, says the European Steel Association.