This is the third episode in EUROFER's Green Deal on Steel series: The pathways to low-carbon steelmaking.
Carbon-lean steelmaking relies on new ways of doing things. Current steelmaking technology is at its absolute limits. The ‘transition’ to low-carbon steel is actually a technological revolution.
The European steel industry has found two main ‘pathways’ that together could lead to 80-95% reductions in CO2 emissions from steel production by 2050. These pathways are reinforced by an overarching commitment to the circular economy through resource efficiency and the recycling of steel.
The technological pathways are Smart Carbon Usage and Carbon Direct Avoidance.
Smart Carbon Usage seeks to reintegrate so-called ‘process gases’ into the production process or to use carbon monoxide and dioxide as a raw material to make other, useful products.
Carbon Direct Avoidance includes hydrogen-based metallurgy and electricity-based reduction methods using green sources. In this framework, the Electric Arc Furnace route will be fundamental to strengthening the EU steel industry’s position in the circular economy.
If fully implemented, these pathways could change how we make steel in Europe.
Brussels, 20 October 2020 – The European Commission has today initiated an investigation into the dumping of wind towers on the EU market from China. Wind towers – used to make renewable electricity – are principally built using steel, and the opening of this investigation shows that steel-using sectors also need adequate trade remedies.
We need effective enabling policies for a Green Deal on Steel that sets out a clear action plan for the recovery of the steel industry and boosts our CO2 reduction efforts - serving as a blueprint for Europe.
'We are ready - are you? Making a success of the EU Green Deal' summarises the main points from EUROFER's 'A Green Deal on Steel'.