This is the fifth episode in EUROFER's Green Deal on Steel series: Carbon Direct Avoidance.
The current techniques for making steel from iron ore are at their thermodynamic limits and electricity-based steel processes cannot, presently, rely on having access to fully renewable energy sources.
This is where Carbon Direct Avoidance comes in. Carbon Direct Avoidance tries to avoid the generation of carbon oxides in the first place.
There are two main ways.
There is hydrogen-based metallurgy, which uses hydrogen to replace carbon in steel production processes. This hydrogen could be produced using renewable energy.
Then there is electricity-based metallurgy, which uses electricity with a greater focus on renewable energy.
Carbon Direct Avoidance projects include HYBRIT, H2Steel, tkH2Steel GrInHY, SALCOS Hydrogen Hamburg and SIDERWIN. Further projects focus on the scrap or direct reduction of iron routes, involving circular economy solutions, process integration and Carbon Direct Avoidance via hydrogen and electricity use.
These projects are already underway at various levels across Europe, and when deployed could revolutionise how steel is made.
Late April and early May 2021 have seen record rises in the price of EU emission Allowances (EUAs), reaching €50 per tonne of CO2.
Brussels, 06 May 2021 – The European Steel Association (EUROFER) welcomes the release of the EU’s updated industrial policy strategy, and the inclusion of a specific analysis on steel. It shows the EU’s support for sectors, such as steel, that are strategic to the European economy and that are pushing to rally and decarbonise in the post-COVID era, but that are dependent on an enabling framework preventing carbon leakage.
Second quarter 2021 report. Data up to, and including, fourth quarter 2020.