Publications » Position papers » Joint statement by energy intensive sectors on CBAM
Joint statement by energy intensive sectors on CBAM
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CEMBUREAU, EUROFER, EUROMETAUX, EUROPEAN ALUMINIUM and FERTILIZERS EUROPE represent the four
industrial sectors proposed by the Commission to be included in the scope of the EU Carbon Border Adjustment
Mechanism (CBAM)– cement, steel, aluminium and fertilisers.
Properly addressing the issue of carbon leakage is critical to avoid a situation where the EU’s climate ambitions
lead to an overall increase in global emissions. Such an outcome would undermine the entire “Fit for 55 Package”,
a package intended to deliver EU’s climate targets and promote green industrial growth. While the European
products are already cleaner than our major global competitors, we still face unilateral carbon costs. As long as
competitors in third countries are not subject to equivalent carbon costs and constraints, carbon leakage remains
a major threat for the EU Green Deal, even more with the very high carbon price expected by 2030.
Having thoroughly analysed the measure, we focus on 4 key issues without which CBAM will not be effective in
preventing carbon-intensive imports nor promote comparable carbon pricing in third countries.
- Maintain the current carbon leakage framework until 2030 to test the CBAM, smoothen the impact on
value chains and trade flows and ensure EU industry focuses resource on investment;
- Include a solution for European exports;
- Strengthen and extend anti-circumvention provisions;
- Improve design parameters (e.g., default values) and governance for a water-tight CBAM.
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Brussels, 03 May 2023 – The year 2022 came to a close with a sharper-than-anticipated recession in apparent steel consumption (-7.2%) as steel demand shrank significantly, due to the energy crisis and the impact of the war in Ukraine. Although the worst seems to be over after the fourth quarter of 2022, apparent steel consumption is still projected to be negative (-1%) in 2023, before rebounding in 2024 (+5.4%). However, high uncertainty continues to cast a shadow on the outlook for 2023, which remains bleak. Although steel imports have decreased in tandem with demand, their market share is still historically high (23.4%).
Second quarter 2023 report. Data up to, and including, fourth quarter 2022
Joint industry statement